Ortner-Unity [University of Pennsylvania Law School], in their piece entitled Strangulation Assault in Domestic Violence Cases, defines strangulation as follows (full fact sheet linked above):
Strangulation is one of the most lethal forms of violence used by men against their female intimate partners. Strangulation is a form of asphyxia (lack of oxygen) in which blood vessels and air passages are closed as a result of external pressure on the neck.
Strangulation can induce the loss of consciousness within about 10 seconds and death within 4-5 minutes. Strangulation is often incorrectly referred to as ‘choking’ which involves internal blocking of the trachea (windpipe) by a foreign object like food.
There are three forms of strangulation: hanging, manual (e.g. using one hand, two hands, forearm, kneeling on the victim) and ligature (e.g. using telephone wire, electrical cord, show lace, piece of…
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